Herniated Discs are common causes of low back pain and neck pain treated at the Orthopaedic Therapy Clinic. The disc functions as an important biomechanical shock absorber between the spinal bones. If the outer layer (the annulus fibrosus) cracks, the inner portion (the nucleus pulposus) can push through and compress a nerve causing back pain and/or pain, tingling and numbness into the leg (sciatica). This is called a disc herniation.
Physiotherapy treatment initially focuses on strategies for symptomatic relief followed by progression of flexibility and strengthening exercise once pain control has been achieved to maintain and restore physical function. Education also plays an important role in treatment in order to give you the tools to manage these conditions.